master's thesis
Child soldiers

Ana Vuković (2016)
Metadata
TitleDjeca vojnici
AuthorAna Vuković
Mentor(s)Irma Kovčo Vukadin (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Korištenje djece vojnika je značajan problem na koji ukazuju brojne međunarodne organizacije. Djeca vojnici uključuju djevojčice i dječake koji na razne načine sudjeluju u oružanim sukobima te uloge koje zauzimaju obuhvaćaju širok spektar od boraca, vratara, kuhara, glasnika te ih se koristi i u svrhe seksualnog iskorištavanja. Obzirom na navedeno i sam opseg posljedica je širok te može uključivati cijeli niz posljedica od fizičkih posljedica kao što je gubitak udova do problema mentalnog zdravlja i agresivnog ponašanja. UNICEF navodi kako je trenutno na globalnoj razini u oružane sukobe uključeno 300, 000 djece iako je stvarnu pojavnost ovog problema teško utvrditi. Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers u svom izvješću za 2004. godinu navodi kako je ovaj problem bio prisutan u više od 60 država. Zbog navedenog je u svrhu bolje zaštite dječjih prava 2002. godine prihvaćen Fakultativni protokol uz Konvenciju o pravima djeteta glede uključivanja djece u oružane sukobe gdje je kao minimalna dob za izravno sudjelovanje u oružanim sukobima određuje dob od 18 godina te se ističe posebna ranjivost djece i značajne posljedice koje ovakvo iskustvo ima na njihovu sigurnost i adekvatan razvoj. Cilj ovog rada je prikaz aktualnih spoznaja o problemu djece vojnika na način definiranja problema na međunarodnoj razini i prikaza značajnih obilježja konteksta i posljedica. Posebna pozornost se usmjerava na postojeći društveni odgovor usmjeren na njihovu reintegraciju te mogućnosti u razvoju intervencija u radu s bivšom djecom vojnicima.
Keywordschild soldiers extent consequences reintegration
Parallel title (English)Child soldiers
Committee MembersIrma Kovčo Vukadin (committee chairperson)
Valentina Kranželić (committee member)
Martina Lotar Rihtarić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Education/Rehabilitation Sciences
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeSocial Pedagogy
Academic title abbreviationmag. paed. soc.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-28
Parallel abstract (English)
The use of child soldiers is a significant issue as it is noted by numerous international organizations. Child soldiers are both girls and boys who participate in numerous ways in armed conflict. The roles they occupy include the roles of fighters, porters, cooks, messengers and they are used for the purposes of sexual exploitation. The extent of negative effects on child soldiers varies and may include a wide range of consequences from physical damage, such as loss of limbs to mental health problems and aggressive behavior. UNICEF notes that the number of child soldiers globally includes 300, 000 children, although the actual incidence of the problem is difficult to determine. Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers in its report in 2004 states that the phenomenon was present in more than 60 countries. Due to this, with a purpose of better protecting children's rights, in 2002 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict was adopted and it set a minimum age of 18 for direct participation in armed conflicts and it also highlighted the special vulnerability of children and significant consequences that this experience has on their safety and proper development. The aim of this study was to present the current knowledge about the problem of child soldiers and it does so by defining the phenomenon at the international level, providing insinght in the extent and significant features of the context of child soldiers and the consequences. Special attention is given to the existing social response aimed at their reintegration and possibilities in the development of interventions with former child soldiers.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)djeca vojnici opseg posljedice reintegracija
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:158:867203
CommitterIvanka Šarić