master's thesis
Using Neurofeedback Treatment in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Tomislav Vitković (2016)
Metadata
TitlePrimjena neurofeedback metode kod djece s neurorazvojnim poremećajima
AuthorTomislav Vitković
Mentor(s)Renata Martinec (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Neurofeedback je neinvazivna metoda samoregulacije s ciljem postizanja promjene nad kortikalnom aktivnošću preko procesa operantnog uvjetovanja. Jedna od metoda neurofeedbacka jest Infra Low Frequency (Infra niske frekvencije) koja počiva na potkrepljenju promjena moždanih valova na spektru nižem od 0,5Hz. Aspergerov sindrom predstavlja jedan od neurorazvojnih poremećaja iz autističnog spektra, a definiran je socijalnim deficitima i ograničenim interesima. Razliku naspram autizma čini česta razvijenost govora i viša kognitivna sposobnost, radi čega se dijagnoza kasnije uspostavlja. Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi učinak primjene neurofeedback tretmana kod djeteta s Aspergerovim sindromom. Uzorak ovog istraživanja činio je jedan ispitanik, dječak D. (KD=11) s dijagnozom Aspergerovog sindroma. Prije početka treninga proveden je polustrukturirani intervju s roditeljima te je ispunjena Australska ljestvica za Aspergerov sindrom. Rezultati intervjua i Australske ljestvice za Aspergerov sindrom ukazivali su na slijedeća kritična područja: emocije, postojanje nepoželjnih ponašanja, teškoće socijalne interakcije. Na temelju dobivenih rezultata kreiran je neurofeedback trening primjenom Infra Low Frequency metode. Program se provodio u okviru 20 seansi od kojih je u 15 seansi korišten jednokanalni trening na područjima zaduženim kontrolu impulzivnosti, stabilnost, fizičku smirenost, kontrolu pažnje, i emocionalnu reaktivnost, a u pet dvokanalni trening s težištem na prefrontalnu regiju zaduženu za emocionalne procese. Neurofeedback trening provodio se 3 puta tjedno u prostoru Privatne edukacijsko-rehabilitacijske prakse Angerona u Čakovcu. Terapijska seanse trajale su 30 minuta, a elektrode su raspoređivane prema međunarodnom sustavu 10-20. Kao evaluaciju efikasnosti treninga roditelji su ispunjavali EEG Expert listu i Autism Treatment Evautation Checklist (ATEC) u tri točke procjene: prije prvog treninga, kontrolno nakon 10. seanse te nakon završetku treninga. Podaci su obrađeni INDIF metodom. Rezultati na EEG Expert skali su pokazali smanjenje simptoma na svim varijablama te statistički značajnu promjenu na varijablama Emocije i Emocije2 (p=0,024; p<0,05) Emocije1 i Emocije3(p=0,01; p<0,05) dok su rezultati na ATEC-u pokazali smanjenje simptoma, ali ne statističku značajnost. Rezultate u problemskom području emocije smatramo vrijednim budući da je neurofeedback trening bio usmjeren na ublažavanje specifičnh teškoća kao što su: teškoće spavanja, griženje noktiju, sram, strahovi, ljutnja, impulzivnost. S obzirom na dobivene rezultate može se zaključiti da se provedeni program pokazao kao uspješna metoda u ublažavanju pojedinih specifičnih simptoma koji definiraju Aspergerov sindrom. Također, rezultati dobiveni u ovom kao i srodnim dosadašnjim istraživanjima naglašavaju važnost provedbe daljnjih sustavnih istraživanja na području koncipiranja i evaluacije učinka neurofeedback treninga (Infra Low Frequency metode) kod osoba s Aspergerovim sindromom, ali i drugih oblika neurorazvojnih poremećaja.
KeywordsNeurofeedback Asperger's syndrome treatment Infra Low Frequency case study
Parallel title (English)Using Neurofeedback Treatment in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Committee MembersRenata Martinec (committee chairperson)
Renata Pinjatela (committee member)
Damir Miholić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Education/Rehabilitation Sciences
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeEducational Rehabilitation
Academic title abbreviationmag. rehab. educ.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-08
Parallel abstract (English)
Neurofeedback is an noninvasive method of selfregulation with goal of achieving changes over cortical activity by using process of operant conditioning. One of the methods is Infra Low Frequency training which consists of reinforcing changes in brain waves with frequency lower than 0,5Hz. Asperger's syndrome is neurodevelopmental disorder defined by social deficits and lack of interest. Difference over autism lays in developed speech and higher cognitive capabilities, which can be reason for later diagnosis. The goal of research was to find out effects and effectivness of neurofeedback treatment on child with Asperger's syndrome. Research sample was one boy, D. 11 years old, with diagnosis of Asperger's syndrome. Before training the semi-structured interview was made with parents along Australian scale for Asperger syndrome. The results of interview and scale, pointed to critical areas of emotion, problematic behaviours and social interaction problems. Furthermore, the Infra Low Frequency program was created that consisted of 20 trainings, of which 15 were one-channel training on areas in charge of impulsivity, stability, physical calmness, attention and emotional processes. The other five treatments were two channel training with empasise on prefrontal region in charge of emotional processes. Trainings were performed 3 times a week at Private education and rehabilitation practice Angerona, Čakovec. Trainings lasted 30 minutes each nad electrodes were placed on the skull by International 10-20 standard. As evaluation to the efficacy of the training parents assessed symptoms by filling EEG Expert list and Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) three times: before first session, after tenth session and after finishing the program. Collected data was statisticaly processed using INDIF method. Results on EEG Expert list showed lowering of all the symptoms on every variable and statistical significance of changes on variables Emotion1 and Emotion2 (p=0,024; p<0,05) and Emotion1 and Emotion3 (p=0,01; p<0,05). Results on ATEC showed reduction od symptoms but without statistical significance. Results on variables of emotion are especially valuable because the training focused towards issues that were covered by this variables (shame, fears, impulsivity, sleep problems, etc). To conclude, the results are showing that neurofeedback treatment was successfull but it is really important to continue the research of Infra Low Frequency method effectivness with clients with Asperger syndrome and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)neurofeedback Aspergerov sindrom tretman Infra Low Frequency studija slučaja
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:158:224990
CommitterIvanka Šarić