master's thesis
Personality traits of murderers and the characteristics of a committed murder

Gabrijela Fabijanić (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
Metadata
TitleOsobine ličnosti počinitelja ubojstva i obilježja počinjenog ubojstva
AuthorGabrijela Fabijanić
Mentor(s)Martina Lotar Rihtarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ubojstvo je fenomen koji se pokušavao obajsniti kroz različite perspektive. Zašto ljudi ubijaju pitanje je na koje nije jednostavno odgovoriti. Osobine ličnosti i motivacija kod počinitelja zajedno sa mnogim drugim čimbenicima imaju značajnu ulogu u objašnjavanju kaznenog djela ubojstva. Cilj ovog istraživačkog rada je istražiti odnos osobina ličnosti počinitelja ubojstva i obilježja počinjenog ubojstva. Problemi ovog istraživanja su: utvrditi izraženost osobina ličnosti kod počinitelja ubojstva, utvrditi obilježja počinjenog ubojstva, ispitati razlike u osobinama ličnosti počinitelja ubojstva ovisno o obilježjima počinjenog ubojstva. Uzorak obuhvaća osuđene počinitelje kaznenog djela ubojstva koji su tijekom 2013. godine došli u Centar za dijagnostiku u Zagrebu kako bi bila napravljena dijagnostička obrada. Za svakog zatvorenika prikupljeni su rezultati dobiveni na Eysenckovu inventaru impulzivnosti koji ispituje 3 osobine ličnosti (impulzivnost, emaptiju i avanturizam) te obilježja počinjenog kaznenog djela preuzeta iz osobnika zatvorenika. Prema rezultatima ovog istraživanja ispitanici su postigli niže rezultate na dimenzijama Impulzivnost i Avanturizam, a više na dimenziji Empatija. Dimenzije Impulzivnost i Avanturizam pokazale su se značajno pozitivno povezane dok dimenzija Empatija nije povezana ni s jednom. Rezultati pokazuju kako su u osnovi kaznenog djela najviše zastupljeni agresija, alkohol i frustracijske okolnosti. Prema rezultatima u osobinama ličnosti počinitelja ubojstva postoji statistički značajna razlika u avanturizmu između počinitelja ubojstva koji su pod utjecajem alkohola počinili kazneno djelo i onih koji ga nisu počinili pod utjecajem alkohola pri čemu rezultati pokazuju niži avanturizam u odnosu na počinitelje ubojstva koji nisu bili pod utjecajem alkohola. Kod počinitelja koji u osnovi kaznenog djela imaju frustracijske okolnosti i onih koji nemaju, nije utvrđena statistički značajna razlika u impulzivnosti, avanturizmu i empatiji. S obzirom na to je li u pozadini počinjenog ubojstva bila osveta rezultati okazuju kako postoji statistički značajna razlika u avanturizmu. Počinitelji koji su imali osvetu u osnovi kaznenog djela pokazuju viši avanturizam u odnosu na počinitelje koji kazneno djelo ubojstva nisu počinili zbog osvete.
Keywordsmurder perpetrators personality traits impulsivity venturesomeness emphaty murder characteristics.
Parallel title (English)Personality traits of murderers and the characteristics of a committed murder
Committee MembersMartina Lotar Rihtarić (committee chairperson)
Anita Jandrić Nišević (committee member)
Dalibor Doležal (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Education/Rehabilitation Sciences
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeSocial Pedagogy
Academic title abbreviationmag. paed. soc.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-23
Parallel abstract (English)
Murder is a phenomenon which was attempted to be explained through various perspectives. Why people commit murder is a question which is not easy to answer. Personality traits and motivation of perpetrators, combined with many other factors, play a significant role in explaining murder. The aim of this research was to investigate the relation between personality traits of murder perpetrators and characteristics of murder. There were three research problems: to determine personality traits of murder perpetrators, to determine characteristics of murders, to examine the differences in personality traits of murder perpetrators depending on murder characteristics. The sample includes murder perpetrators which were institutionalized during 2013. in the Diagnostic Centre in Zagreb with purpose of diagnostic processing. Data were gathered for each inmate using Eysenck inventory impulsivity which measures 3 personality traits (impulsivity, empathy and venturesomeness) and characteristics of committed felony taken from inmate file. According to the results of this research the participants have achieved lower score on impulsiveness and venturesomeness, and higher score on emphaty. There was positive correlation between impulsivity and venturesomeness, while emphaty showed no correlation with neither of those two. Results have shown that the aggression, alcohol and frustration circumstances are the most represented factors in the committed murders. Results have shown that there is a significant difference in venturesomeness between perpetrators which committed felony under alcohol influence and those who were not under the alcohol influence when they committed murder. The venturesomeness was lower among perpetrators which were not under the alcohol influence while committing a murder. Regarding perpetrators who in the basis of their criminal offense have frustration circumstances and those who don't, there was no significant difference in impulsivity, empathy and venturesomeness. Perpetrators who had revenge in the basis of their criminal offense have shown higher results in venturesomeness unlike perpetrators who doesn't have revenege in the basis of murder.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)počinitelji ubojstva osobine ličnosti impulzivnost avanturizam empatija obilježja ubojstva
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:158:055606
CommitterIvanka Šarić