master's thesis
The use of humanoid robots in clinical diagnostic and interventions with Children with autistic spectrum disorders

Božena Silić (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
Metadata
TitlePrimjena humanoidnih robota u kliničkoj dijagnostici i intervenciji kod djece s poremećajem iz autističnog spektra
AuthorBožena Silić
Mentor(s)Jasmina Frey Škrinjar (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Socijalni roboti različite morfologije, a među njima i humanoidni roboti, koriste se u kliničkoj dijagnostici i intervenciji kod djece s poremećajem iz autističnog spektra (PAS). Socijalni robot može se koristiti u sklopu već postojećih standardiziranih intervencija te može zauzimati različite uloge unutar istih. Istraživanja pokazuju kako djeca s PAS iskazuju interes prema robotima, a dizajn robota predstavlja jedan od faktora koji će motivirati djecu s PAS da se uključe u interakciju s njima. Stoga istraživanja koja se bave primjenom robota u radu s djecom s PAS također istražuju sklonosti, stavove i generalno način na koji djeca s PAS percipiraju socijalne robote. Dobivena saznanja mogu se tako primijeniti u uspješnom projektiranju socijalnih robota i na taj način može se izbjeći projektiranje robota koji ne zadovoljavaju potrebe djece s PAS. Cilj ovog istraživanja stoga je usmjeren na ispitivanje kategorizacije te sklonosti djece s PAS prema šest morfološki različitih robota. Pri istraživanju kategorizacije socijalnih robota korištena je igra uparivanja robota napravljena od strane Peca i sur. (2014) dok su za istraživanje sklonosti djece korištene fotografije robota te video prikaz robota u pokretu. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 18 djece s PAS. U prvom dijelu istraživanja rezultati su pokazali kako djeca s PAS većinu socijalnih robota svrstavaju u kategoriju igračaka, dok je druga najčešća birana kategorija kod svih robota odabrana prema sličnostima morfoloških karakteristika robota i odabrane kategorije. Djeca su unutar ispitivanja sklonosti prema robotima uz fotografskim reprezentacijama robotima pokazala najviše sklonosti prema igrački nalik robotu dok su najmanje sklonosti pokazala prema robotu nalik dječaku. Kod ispitivanja sklonosti robota korištenjem video isječka robota u pokretu djeca su najviše sklonosti pokazala prema humanoidnom robotu te robotu nalik na dječaku, a najmanje sklonosti pokazala su prema igrački nalik robotu. Ukratko, djeca s PAS bila su sklonija robotima koji su unutar video prikaza pokazali više pokreta. Ovi rezultati su ključni jer pokazuju da na sklonost djece s PAS prema robotima vjerojatno utječe njihova mogućnost pokretanja. S toga pretpostavljamo kako je za ispitivanje sklonosti morfoloških karakteristika robota dovoljan statički prikaz robota dok je za ispitivanje generalne sklonosti te stava djece s PAS prema robotima preporučeno koristiti robote tokom njihova izvođenja pokreta.
Keywordssocial robots Autism Spectrum Disorders humanoid robot
Parallel title (English)The use of humanoid robots in clinical diagnostic and interventions with Children with autistic spectrum disorders
Committee MembersJasmina Frey Škrinjar (committee chairperson)
Daniela Cvitković (committee member)
Jasmina Stošić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Education/Rehabilitation Sciences
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeEducational Rehabilitation
Academic title abbreviationmag. rehab. educ.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-26
Parallel abstract (English)
Social robots, including humanoid robots, with different morphology are used in clinical diagnostic and intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Social robot can be used in standardized interventions and it can have different roles in these interventions. The literature demonstrates that children with ASD have interest towards robots. This interest of children with ASD is also influenced by the morphology of a robot. Therefore, researches which study application of social robots in a clinical work with children with ASD also study preference, attitude and the way children perceive social robots. The results from these studies can be applied in the further designing of social robots and as a result we can avoid designing of robots which do not satisfy the needs of children with ASD. For this reason, the aim of this study was to investigate preference and the way children with ASD perceive social robots. We used the Robot Matching Game which was constructed by Peca et al. (2014) to study the way children with ASD categorize six different social robots. Furthermore, we used pictures of robots together with the video display of robot in motion to study preference of children with ASD towards six different social robots. Eighteen children with ASD participated in this research. The results of the first part of research showed that children with ASD perceive robots mainly as toys. Thereupon, after toys, children mainly perceived robots accordingly to robots’ morphology. The results which were obtained from the use of robots’ pictures showed that children the most preferred toy like robot, while the least preferred robot was human like robot. On the contrary, the results which were obtained from video display of the same robots in motion showed that human like robot was the most preferred by the children and toy like robot was the least preferred. Shortly, children demonstrated more preference towards the robots which showed more motion in the video. The results indicate that the motion of the robot is crucial for the preference of children with ASD towards social robots. Given that we conclude that pictures of robots can be used for investigating of preference towards different morphology of robots. However, we suggest that video display of robot in motion should be used for investigation of general preference and attitude of children with ASD towards the robots.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)socijalni roboti poremećaj iz autističnog spektra humanoidni roboti
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:158:365180
CommitterIvanka Šarić